Essay 5 Steps Of Scientific Method

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Scientific Method

...Asif Chowdhury SC300: Big Ideas in Science Professor: Judy Ikawa Unit 9 11/22/2011 Many of us use the scientific method unconsciously on a daily basis, for work, tasks such as cooking and budgeting. The same elements present in traditional scientific inquiry are present in these everyday examples. Understanding how to apply the scientific method to these seemingly non-scientific problems can be valuable in furthering one's career and in making health-related decision. The scientific method is a process to ask question and answer scientific problem solving by making observation and doing experiments. We can follow the below steps to solve our problem scientifically: Observation This is the first part of scientific method is discovered upon direct observation of what is around us. As a scientist we have to look critically and attempt to avoid all kind if sources and bias in this observation. Ask question The second step in the scientific method is formulated by questions. Ask as many questions as we need to answer. Science can answer many questions, but there are some which cannot be answered by science. Hypothesis The next part of our scientific method is to form a hypothesis. This is simply an educated guess as to the answer for the question. Prediction The prediction is an official way to put a hypothesis to a test. If the test works most likely we are on a right track to solve our problem. If we have carefully designed our hypothesis to be sure......

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Scientific Method and the Fundamentals of Research

...Scientific Method and the Fundamentals of Research Stephan A. Bell BSHS 381 Research and Statistics for the Social Sciences 10 December 2012 Dr. Christine Cutis This paper will offer explanation of how scientific method and scientific research can be used in the Human Service field. This paper will also cover the steps involved in scientific inquiry and why the steps are of importance, then provide an example a scientific method related to the Human Services field. Also discussed will be a brief description of qualitative research and quantitative research, explaining the differences in both models and how the methods relate to the Human Service field and the scientific method. Discussion will concern quantitative and qualitative research methodology, define mixed method research, and describe its strengths. The scientific method can be explained as a method for research and study that is applied to investigate observations and to bring answers to questions. Within the scientific method researches can exploit the cause and effect relationships. Stated plainly, they can plan a study so that changes to an entity of the study influence something else in the study to vary in an unpredictable or expected manner. In the Human Service field, these method may relates if there is an upsurge in child abuse, or joblessness, or homelessness, replies offering results are required to answer the questions related to the upsurge. The only path to those replies can be......

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5 Steps in Scientific Method of Research

...  There are 5 different steps in the scientific method of research. The scientific method can be defined in many different ways, but primarily it involves observing the world around you, arriving at an explanation for what you witness, testing your reasoning to see if it could be legitimate, and then either rejecting your explanation or accepting the explanation then possibly coming up with a better one. The 5 steps of the scientific method Step number 1 is to determine a scientific problem to solve or make an observation. This basically means that you have to decide how or why something works or how it occurs. A good example would be “How does alcohol affect a fetus?” The next step is to develop a hypothesis. This part is simply a decent speculation or a guess as to why or how something occurs. Often, a person can foretell the outcome of a particular experiment based upon the hypothesis. Step 3 is the testing of the hypothesis. An experiment is needed to examination the hypothesis. This step is crucial because the facts have to be tested to make sure the end result is correct. Along with testing the hypothesis is recording it. Once your experiment is complete, you collect your measurements and analyze them to see if your hypothesis is true or false. Drawing a conclusion is the 5th and final step. This step shows the results of the experiments that were performed. These results will show whether or not your original prediction is conclusive. If the results match......

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Scientific Method

...The Scientific Method Mary A Swanagan Kaplan University Big Ideas in Science: From Methods to Mutation Professor Molika Chea June 20, 2013 The Scientific Method According to the textbook used in this course, the scientific method is a continuous process used to collect observations, form and test hypotheses, make predictions, and identify patterns in the physical world. By using the scientific method, researchers use observations and hypotheses, in order to foresee the outcome of an experiment, then conduct that experiment and draw conclusions from the observations of the experiment. The scientific method is not only useful for scientists and laboratories but something that can be applied to everyday situations (Trefil & Hazen). Most people do not think about how science is used in their everyday lives. Take for instance you are having guest coming over for dinner and you plan to cook your favorite dish then realize one of the main ingredients is missing and your guest will arrive in one hour. Without realizing it you began using the scientific method by asking yourself, what am I going to do now? Or, how am I going to make this taste great without all of the ingredients? This is the beginning of the scientific method. The second step would be to do some background research to answer your question. In this scenario, you would go into the kitchen and find an ingredient that you can substitute for the missing ingredient to put in your favorite dish. In doing...

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The Scientific Method

...The Scientific Method Ashley Burrell SCI/230 07/28/2013 Dawn Gleason The Scientific Method This paper seeks to explain what the scientific method is and exactly how it is used or can be used on an everyday basis. The scientific method is a method often used to help a person or a group logically or rationally draw a conclusions about an in particular subject or topic. The scientific method is not just used by scientists, but is also used by many others such as historians, criminal investigators, doctors, engineers, and anyone else who is trying to intelligently solve some sort of problem. One thing to understand about the scientific method is that it can’t be used to answer every question or solve every problem a person may be having, but it can be used as a way to solve many problems such as how to get a car started or how to stop the roof from leaking when it rains. The objective of this paper is to define what the scientific method is and to explain what steps are used to problem solving. According to the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language the scientific method is defined as “The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the......

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The Scientific Method

...The Scientific Method Justin Lancaster SC300-24 The Scientific Method Throughout our lives, we face numerous challenges, obstacles and difficult decisions that require the use of higher-level thinking. When we process the different possibilities and scenarios in our mind, subconsciously we are using the scientific method to problem solve. This basic concept is developed from an early stage in our lives and while it is practiced often in the widespread experiments of science, it is a valuable tool that can be used to assist in even the smallest tasks we encounter on a daily basis. Applying the scientific method is as simple as first analyzing a real life problem that can occur on any given day. A good example of this would be coming home after a day of work only to find that the porch light is out when you knew you turned it on before you left to work. While most may err on the side of caution, their own scientific method starts to formulate in their head to try to put the pieces of the puzzle together. The problem at hand, and the question that should be asked, would be figuring out how the porch light went off. This first step of the scientific method helps narrow down the goal to a single statement and helps put things into perspective. Without problems and questions, we would have no need for a scientific method! After determining the problem of the porch light, research on everything involving it would need to be done, which would most likely take place in a......

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The Scientific Method

...The Scientific Method Holly Regan HSM/270 May 25, 2014 Santosha Oliver The Scientific Method An experiment was done on the production of more tomato plants using the steps in the scientific method as follows: 1)Observation: That over the past couple years there had been a decline in tomato production compared to the initial first two years due to cooler temperatures and drier season. 2) Question: Why is there such an increased decline of tomato plants production the last two years compared to the first two years? 3) Hypothesis: 1) the plants need more warmth 2) plants need more water 3) plants need more nutrients and I chose hypothesis number three and proceeded with the experiment. 4) Prediction: The tomato plants will bear more tomatoes if the old soil is removed and replaced with new soil before planting, (in turn providing the plants with needed nutrients previously lacking). 5) Conclusion: The plants grew more tomatoes when the old soil was removed and replaced with new soil before planting and therefore my hypothesis was supported. 6) Results: The tomato plants now produce more tomatoes than the last two years. A real life problem where I had applied the scientific method and the steps used in solving the problem: 1) Observation: While doing a few loads of laundry I transferred a load of clothes from the washer to the dryer and noticed the dryer would not start. It worked just fine three days prior while doing the same activity. 2) Question:......

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Scientific Method

...[Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines] Richards, Paul Strayer University [Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines] Scientists use a scientific method to investigate phenomena and acquire knowledge. They base the method on verifiable observation for an example, on replicable empirical evidence rather than on pure logic or supposition and on the principles of reasoning. (Newton) When I was in school many years ago, we were taught that scientists go through a series of steps to find a solution to a problem or find evidence to support or disprove a theory. It all seemed rather cold, and formal. Going back to school, school has taught me that science has undergone significant changes and has moved away from the rigidity of a fixed series of steps in what was formerly called the scientific method. I think the best way to describe what helps me understand scientific method, is trying to shed some light on the uncertainties through step by step procedures, collecting and analyzing data. Both start with observations of the world around us. During those observations and some inconsistency, confusion, a question may arise. This will probably lead to more observing, reading or talking to others, or perhaps consulting an expert. We then might clarify the problem and intuit a hypothesis, than decide to gather some more data to shed some light on that hypothesis. Will this new data lead to more questions or more information gathering? So after we organize and......

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Scientific Method

...practitioner must have at least a there masters or a PhD. An academic researcher psychologist work in universities or think tanks. The university academic researcher will teach at the university but will also focus on developing their research. A psychiatrist is the doctor, as in MD, branch of psychology. This branch prescribes medicines to their patients, rather than resolve their problems through counseling methods Prompt E: Psychologists use the scientific method to conduct their research. The scientific method is a standardized way of making observations, gathering data, forming theories, testing predictions, and interpreting results. The general process of the scientific method goes as followed: Creating a hypothesis, executing an experiment, evaluating data, refining a theory, and developing a theory. The observations the researcher has made using the scientific method of thing is used in order to describe and measure behavior. After observing certain events repeatedly, researchers come up with a theory that explains these observations. Researchers generally develop a theory only after they have collected a lot of evidence and made sure their research results can be reproduced by others. The process of the scientific method of thinking is the first step in allowing researchers to draw conclusions from their observations and data....

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Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Paper

...Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Paper Monique Reed BSHS/435 February 22, 2015 Dora Baker Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Paper In this paper in will provide details on how scientific methods can be used in the Human services. Explaining the steps of scientific methods, and how it serves as an important key to Human services professionals. Each steps will be included on how they are define and what purpose it serves will scientific methods are applied. Human services professionals use the scientific methods to gain information on the client as well as how to approach the clients issues. Also researching other resources to meet the needs of the client to ensure the client is receiving accurate help. Scientific Method Scientific method is a method that used to research and study that involves investigation and evaluation of present or future problems. Scientific method helps with produce the right answers to questions that cannot be answered with common sense alone. Researchers can use scientific methods to exploit all the facts, evidence, opinions, and records to find the right plan. As a Human service professional using scientific method can help with identifying the solution of the client’s problem and finding a resolution to ensure it will help to rebuild the client’s life. No matter field an individual is in when it concerns Human services, research will always be needed to ensure self-thoughts, bias, and ones on solution is......

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Scientific Methods of Research

...03-Bloomberg-45467.qxd 12/26/2007 11:52 AM Page 65 CHAPTER 3 Presenting Methodology and Research Approach OVERVIEW Chapter 3 of the dissertation presents the research design and the specific procedures used in conducting your study. A research design includes various interrelated elements that reflect its sequential nature. This chapter is intended to show the reader that you have an understanding of the methodological implications of the choices you made and, in particular, that you have thought carefully about the links between your study’s purpose and research questions and the research approach and research methods that you have selected. Note that in the proposal’s chapter 3, you project what you will do based on what you know about the particular methods used in qualitative research, in general, and in your tradition or genre, in particular; hence, it is written in future tense. In the dissertation’s chapter 3, you report on what you have already done. You write after the fact; hence, you write in past tense. As such, many of the sections of chapter 3 can be written only after you have actually conducted your study (i.e., collected, analyzed, and synthesized your data). To write this chapter, you need to conduct literature reviews on the methodological issues involved in qualitative research design. You need to show the reader that you (a) have knowledge of the current issues and discourse, and (b) can relate your......

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Scientific Method

...Application of Scientific Methodology on Two Sample Case Studies Student Name Institution Introduction Scientific method is one of the most reliable methods that are used to convey information and knowledge among researchers. In 18th century there were difficulties in the ways in which scientists could verify the works of other colleagues (Achinstein, 2004). Thus there was agreed upon a method to be used when conducting research which became the scientific method. This method is relied upon because it is a source of reliable knowledge and that research that is conducted in this advocated way provides knowledge and information that has a high probability of being true. Through this methodology thus a researcher must be able to convince his colleagues that the concepts are in fact correct. This is important because research work is based on the foundation of trust. Very few researches provide completely new information that was unknown in the past. Most of them build up on existing information and thus drawing conclusions from other peoples work hence the foundation of trust. I am going to look in to detail of the scientific methodology by considering two scenarios which are actually problems that we are going to solve through the concept of scientific method. Scenario 1 You wake up early one morning to go to work or take your kids to school and you cannot find your car keys Let us examine the steps that make up the methodology in solving scenario 1 problem 1. Make...

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Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry

...Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Thomas J. Tophia Jr. BSHS/435 May 26, 2016 Dr. Judith A. Geske Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry This paper will define and describe the scientific method and the steps in scientific inquiry. This paper will further explain what the steps are in the scientific method of inquiry or research process and why each of these steps must be included to support the scientific method. Further the paper will briefly discuss how the scientific method was applied in the article “Faculty Beliefs, Perceptions, and Level of Community Involvement in Their Research: A Survey at One Urban Academic Institution”. Lastly the paper will summarize how scientifically sound research supports the function of a human service manager. Scientific Method The scientific method can be defined as a method that is used for research and study and involves “identifying a problem that defines the goal of research, make a prediction that, if confirmed, resolves the problem, gather data relevant to this prediction, analyze and interpret the data to see if it supports the prediction and resolves the question that initiated the research.” (Monette, Sullivan, & DeJong, 2011) These steps now provide the foundation for education research according to, “Monette, Sullivan, & DeJong, 2011”. The scientific method can help produce the right answers to questions that cannot be answered with common sense alone. Researchers can use...

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Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Paper

...Scientific method and steps in scientific inquiry paper BSHS 435 Mary Evitt January 11 2016 Introduction In this essay, I will define the scientific method, and how it relates to the human service research process. I will explain what the steps are in the scientific method of inquiry or research process, and why must each of the steps being included to support the scientific method. I will discuss how the scientific research method was applied in the article that I chose to complete my research on. I will summarize how scientifically profound research meaning referring to scientific method supports the function of human service manager. Scientific method When defining the scientific method and how it relates the human service research process, when using the scientific method in research you are gathering answers that you do not know about the subject. Using the scientific method is the best way to discover the truth from lies and disillusion. As a human service professional you will work with many clients that will come to you with many different problems wanting your guidance, using the Scientific method you will help guide your clients in the right direction and find the right solution to their problem. The steps in the scientific method There are six steps in the scientific method to help researchers “identifying a problem that defines the goal of research, make a prediction that, if confirmed, resolves the problem, gather data relevant to this......

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The Scientific Method

...Scientific Method The Scientific Method is a system devised to allow scientists to gain insight, or knowledge, on a wide range of questions about one’s behavior and other points of interest. The first step in this process is to identify a question that deserves an explanation or answer to. For example, a good indentifying question that one could use would be why did the chicken cross the road? This is a specific behavior that can be addressed and quantified. Once the individual has the question at hand, the formation of a theory is next. A theory is the best guess that one has as to why the action took place. In the example of the chicken crossing the road, a theory would be because there was food over there. Another theory would be just to get to the other side in general. Once you have the theory down, you need to create a hypothesis to test it. A hypothesis is a best guess stated in a way that you can measure the results of the claim. Referring back to the example of the chicken crossing the road, a hypothesis would be because it was hungry. A hypothesis must be restated as an Operational Definition (testable procedures that can be quantified) before testing can take place. The example of this would be: If food were visible on the other side, the chicken will cross the road to eat it. Now one must figure out which method of research will best help them out in their quest for the answer. There are several ways one can go about doing this. Archival research, naturalistic......

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The scientific method is a process that outlines a number of principles for answering questions. Many people in day-to-day situations use the scientific method. For example, if I were to try to start my car and it doesn’t work, my first reaction would be to think of reason my car is not starting. This is just a brief example of scientific method. The principles in Scientific method should be used in an orderly manner to answer your questions. Scientific method lets people research true things as well as false. There is no guessing when using Scientific method it is completely natural. From my military career I can say from experience that Integrity is one of our Five Army Values. I like to think the Scientific method is having…show more content…

Inductive and Deductive reasoning differ by the fact that inductive reasoning is based on experience or observation, while deductive reasoning is based on laws, rules or other widely accepted principles. The final step to scientific method is the conclusion. Scientist must analyze the data in order to reach a conclusion as to whether the hypothesis is supported or not.
The main goal of science is to distinguish the necessary from the not so necessary. In doing this, science distinguished laws from theories. A theory is an axiomatic system constituting a self-contained world. A law is what is real within-constituent of- an axiomatic system, and an accidental generalization is untrue within- not constituent of- an axiomatic system. Since a statistically significant correlation can be real in one axiomatic system and unreal in another, what is a law in one axiomatic system need not be a law in another system. (Gödel’s Proof 27) A scientific law is usually a statement of fact that is meant to explain a set of action. Scientific laws are generally accepted to be true and universal. An example of a law would be the laws of thermodynamics. A scientific theory in many ways is like a law. Theory is an explanation or a set of action based on a hypothesis. The difference between scientific theory and scientific law is that the theory is more complicated. A law is about a single action, whereas theory explains the entire series of actions. In

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