Create Custom Bibliography Style Word 2007

Change the type of brackets in citations

Usually Word surrounds citations by the round brackets (see How to create a citation for more details). But you can insert a citation in the square brackets or use other symbols.

By default Word inserts citations in round brackets:

First, you must specify the style that you will use for citations:

    1.    On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, select Style:

    2.    Word proposes several styles. In this tip is used the APA Sixth Edition style.

To change the brackets type, do the following:

    1.    Open for edit the file APA*.xsl (for example in Notepad). The location of the file may vary, but it can be located here:

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\Bibliography\Style\ or

C:\Users\***\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Bibliography\Style\, where *** is your user name

    2.    Find the following lines in that file (you can search for the phrase "openbracket" and "closebracket"):

<xsl:template name="templ_prop_OpenBracket" >
  <xsl:param name="LCID" />
  <xsl:variable name="_LCID">
   <xsl:call-template name="localLCID">
    <xsl:with-param name="LCID" select="$LCID"/>
   </xsl:call-template>
  </xsl:variable>
  <xsl:value-of select="/*/b:Locals/b:Local[@LCID=$_LCID]/b:General/b:OpenBracket"/>
 </xsl:template>

 <xsl:template name="templ_prop_CloseBracket" >
  <xsl:param name="LCID" />
  <xsl:variable name="_LCID">
   <xsl:call-template name="localLCID">
    <xsl:with-param name="LCID" select="$LCID"/>
   </xsl:call-template>
  </xsl:variable>
  <xsl:value-of select="/*/b:Locals/b:Local[@LCID=$_LCID]/b:General/b:CloseBracket"/>
 </xsl:template>

    3.    Change the type of brackets:

 <xsl:template name="templ_prop_OpenBracket" >
  <xsl:param name="LCID" />
  <xsl:variable name="_LCID">
   <xsl:call-template name="localLCID">
    <xsl:with-param name="LCID" select="$LCID"/>
   </xsl:call-template>
  </xsl:variable>
  <xsl:value-of select="/*/b:Locals/b:Local[@LCID=INITIAL_CONTENTLCID]/b:General/b:OpenBracket"/>
    <xsl:text>[</xsl:text>
 </xsl:template>

 <xsl:template name="templ_prop_CloseBracket" >
  <xsl:param name="LCID" />
  <xsl:variable name="_LCID">
   <xsl:call-template name="localLCID">
    <xsl:with-param name="LCID" select="$LCID"/>
   </xsl:call-template>
  </xsl:variable>
  <xsl:value-of select="/*/b:Locals/b:Local[@LCID=INITIAL_CONTENTLCID]/b:General/b:CloseBracket"/>
    <xsl:text>]</xsl:text>
 </xsl:template>

After you save this file, you can see square brackets (only in the APA style):

NOTE:

  • We recommend you to create a copy of this file before you will begin to change it.
  • You can create your own style file:
    • copy APA.XSL file (on the same path)
    • change the type of brackets in it
    • choose you own style in the Style list (on the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group)

You can change other elements as you wish:

Add a citation after a quote

  1. On the References tab , in the Citations & Bibliography group, click the arrow next to Style.

  2. Click the style that you want to use for the citation and source. 

  3. Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite. 

  4. Click Insert Citation and then select Add New Source

  5. In the Create Source box, type in the citation details, and then click OK.

When you've completed these steps, the citation is added to the list of available citations. The next time you quote this reference, you don't have to type it all out again, just click Insert Citation and select the citation you want to use.

Create a bibliography from your sources

If you want to create a bibliography from your sources, do the following:

  1. Click where you want to insert a bibliography. Typically, they are at the end of a document. 

  2. On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Bibliography.

Similar to the Table of Contents builder in Word, you can select a predesigned bibliography format that includes a title, or you can just click Insert Bibliography to add the citation without a title.

If you want to learn more about using citation placeholders and editing sources, take a look at Create a bibliography. Or, if you want to export your bibliography sources to another computer, check out this post on the Microsoft Word blog.

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